Centrifuge - do not leave on cells overnight
14 days at 4°C
Potassium is the main intracellular cation. Small changes in the distribution of potassium can give rise to medical emergencies. The serum and urine concentrations of potassium reflect a complex interplay of hormonal and other systems that regulate the intracellular content. The main regulators of potassium concentrations in serum and urine are, insulin, aldosterone, catecholamines and acid base status. Diseases of the kidney, adrenal and any process that affects acid base disturbance will affect plasma potassium concentration. Crush injuries are also a cause of hyperkalaemia.
High potassium concentrations can give rise to a medical emergency requiring rapid intervention. Changes in potassium concentration affect the electrical conductivity of muscles and cardiac muscle and in high concentrations can cause cardiac arrest.
Samples left on cells and haemolysed samples will not be analysed
Note: Insulin, corticosteroids, furosemide, thiazides can decrease potassium. Potassium sparing diurectics, ACE inhibitors can increase potassium.
• Adults: 3.5 – 5.3 mmol/L
• Neonates: 3.4 – 6.0 mmol/L
• Infant: 3.5 – 5.7 mmol/L
• 1-16 years: 3.5 – 5.0 mmol/L