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Biochemistry

Immunoglobulin M (IgM)

Immunoglobulin M (IgM)

Reference Range

0.2 - 3.0 g/L

  • Turnaround Time: 1 day
Sweat Sodium

Sweat Sodium

Reference Range

Sweat sodium is used as a check of the chloride result. Interpretation is as follows:

Cystic fibrosis unlikely                                  < 50    mmol/L

Supports the diagnosis of CF                         > 90    mmol/L

The Sodium and Chloride concentrations should be within 20 mmol/L of each other.

  • Turnaround Time: 1 day
Chloride

Chloride

Reference Range

95-108 mmol/L

(Source : Pathology Harmony Recommendations)

 

 

  • Turnaround Time: 24 hours
Cholesterol

Cholesterol

Reference Range

The optimal cholesterol concentration for men and women is <4.0 mmol/L (Joint British Societies Guidelines). The National Service Frameworks for coronary disease recommend a reduction to <5.0 mmol/L for those who are treated for secondary prevention or primary prevention where their risk for cardiovascular disease is >20% over a 10 year period. It is often recommended that diagnosis and treatment should not be based on individual measurements because of the relatively high biological variation. Age, sex, pregnancy etc may affect results and appropriate ranges are reported.

  • Turnaround Time: 1 day
Iron (Serum)

Iron (Serum)

Reference Range

Male:    11.6 - 31.3 µmol/L

Female:  9.0 - 30.4 µmol/L


The concentration of iron in serum and plasma is dependent upon diet and is subject to circadian variations. Total iron may be slightly lower in the female population.

  • Turnaround Time: 1 day
HbA1c (Glycated haemoglobin)

HbA1c (Glycated haemoglobin)

Reference Range

20-42 mmol/mol

  • Turnaround Time: 24 hours
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